ENFP Personality: Characteristics & Cognitive Functions

ENTP (extraversion, intuitive, feeling, perceiving) is a four-letter acronym used to represent one of the 16 Myers-Briggs personality types. People with this personality type tend to be enthusiastic, creative, energetic, and highly imaginative.

An Overview of the ENFP Personality Type

Famous ENTPs include Bill Clinton, Mark Twain, Dr. Suess, Drew Barrymore, Ellen Degeneres, Ron Weasley, and Julie Andrews.

ENFP is a fairly common personality type, and is the fifth most common among women. ENFPs make up:

  • 8% of the general population
  • 6% of men
  • 10% of women

They have excellent people and communication skills and gain energy from being in the company of others. They are free spirits with an optimistic and lively approach to life.

They are supportive and appreciative of their loved ones and are often described as charismatic and charming. They often have a strong artistic side and a unique mastery of language.

ESFJs are sometimes referred to as “the Champion” or “the Campaigner.” ISTJ is the opposite personality type of ENFP.

Strengths Weaknesses
Outgoing and carefree Disorganized
Empathetic Hypersensitive
Outgoing and carefree Overthinks
Highly creative Seek approval from others
Strong social and communication skills Struggle to follow through on their ideas

Key ENTP Characteristics

People with the ENFP personality type are highly imaginative and innovative

  • They thrive in situations where they have creative freedom, and they are great at generating original ideas. They are expressive communicators and enjoy discovering the deeper meaning in people and ideas.
  • They can be quite introspective, contemplating the creative possibilities of life.
  • They are always looking for a novel way to do things and refuse to follow the traditional path.

ENFPs are enthusiastic, people-centered individuals

  • They are energized by time spent with other people and have a unique passion for helping others explore their potential.
  • They love to talk with just about anyone, learning about what motivates and inspires them and what their dreams and aspirations are.
  • They crave meaningful, deep connections with people and are highly attuned to other people’s feelings and needs.
  • They are excellent communicators, and their warmhearted, approachable personalities enable them to have captivating conversations with all types of people.

ENTPs are known to be laid-back and easy going

  • They are non-judgmental and open-minded and like to use their banter and quick wit to analyze and understand other people.
  • They deal well with change and are able to adapt well to any circumstances that might arise throughout their lives.
  • However, ENTPs are also disorganized and seemingly untethered. They become bored easily and struggle with strict routines and schedules.

ENFPs are natural-born leaders, standing up for what they believe in without hesitation or apology

  • They are confident in their abilities to handle demanding responsibilities and will eagerly assume leadership positions.

ENFPs are spontaneous and highly adaptable to change

  • They strongly dislike routine and prefer having freedom and flexibility in their everyday lives.
  • They often struggle to see things through to completion as they have ever-evolving interests and can become easily bored and stressed out with an old project.

Cognitive Functions

The MBTI suggests that the four different cognitive functions (thinking, feeling, intuition, and sensing) form a hierarchy where each function is either directed outwardly (extroverted) or inwardly (introverted). The order of these functions determines one’s personality.

MBTI test dichotomies

The dominant function is the primary aspect of personality, while the auxiliary and tertiary functions play supportive roles.

Dominant: Extraverted Intuition

  • ENFPs are abstract, creative thinkers who focus on the infinite possibilities of life and avoid any inconsequential, trivial details.
  • They are inventive and imaginative with a knack for discovering unique connections and patterns among people, places, and ideas.

Auxiliary: Introverted Feeling

  • ENFPs tend to prioritize their own emotions and feelings rather than logic and fact when making choices.
  • They follow their heart and make decisions based on their internal system of values.
  • It is important for ENFPs to act true to themselves and their principles.

Tertiary: Extraverted Thinking

  • Although this cognitive function tends to be a weaker aspect of the ENFP personality, it is focused on organizing information, working through problems, and enforcing order in a logical, practical manner.

Inferior: Introverted Sensing

  • This function tends to have a more minimized influence on the ENFP personality type, but ENFPs express this function by recalling past experiences to form expectations for future events.

ENFP Hobbies, Interests, and Careers

Because of their creative nature and need for flexibility, ENFPs are commonly found in careers in religion, entertainment, and the arts. They are driven, inspired individuals who enjoy taking on problems that call for imaginative, original solutions.

They make great journalists, actors, musicians, and politicians. Additionally, ENFPs often choose careers in nonprofits, public service, counseling, education, customer or public relations as these jobs tend to align with their core values.

They are highly sensitive to people’s feelings and needs, and they tend to be most passionate about careers that enable them to help other people reach their full potential.

In their free time, ENFPs enjoy writing, creating art, playing musical instruments, listening to music, participating in community theater, and reading fiction.

ENFP Work Environments

The ideal work environment for an ENFP is one that is relaxed and flexible with few restrictions on creativity. They dislike predictability, regimentation, and repetitions and tend to avoid careers that involve completing a lot of detailed, routine tasks.

They prefer a workplace where they can set their own schedule, explore new ideas, and use their imaginations in an unstructured way.
They enjoy working on a team and establishing connections with the other employees.

They even tend to treat their colleagues not just as coworkers but also as friends. They appreciate an environment where everyone is treated as equals, and they tend to struggle in environments where they are micromanaged or strictly controlled.

ENFP Personal Relationships

ENFPs love spending time with other people. They feel invigorated and energized when socializing with others, and they are able to draw just about anyone into a conversation.

They even feel a sense of gratification when they are able to pull someone out of their shell and watch them gradually open up. They cherish their relationships deeply and have a longing for emotional connection.

ENFPs are empathetic and insightful individuals who are able to bring out the best in almost every person they meet. They are naturally upbeat and enthusiastic, and they love getting to know other people and understanding what drives them.

ENFPs are generous, supportive, and considerate in friendships and relationships and will go to great lengths to care for their loved ones.

ENFPs are dedicated to their relationships – whether with a friend or a partner. They tend to fall in love fast and hard, and can become insecure when they feel their partner’s ardor does not match their own.

Tips for Interacting With ENFPs


ENFPs are not too particular in who they befriend as their approachable personalities draw in such a wide variety of people.

They crave friends who are open-minded and adventurous, but also welcome those who are more shy or reserved. You can strengthen your relationship with an ENFP by opening up emotionally and being a support system.


In relationships, ENFPs tend to feel more energized in the exciting and unpredictable honeymoon stages so they need a partner who is able to keep the romance alive by looking for new ways to bring excitement and adventure into the partnership.


As parents, ENFPs typically have deep, loving relationships with their kids. They encourage their children to embrace their passions and interests and express themselves freely.

They tend not to be strong disciplinarians and do not impart many rules or guidelines in the household, but rather they prioritize imparting their strong system of values on their children.

Take the MBTI (Paper Version)


King, S. P., & Mason, B. A. (2020). Myers‐Briggs Type Indicator. The Wiley Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences: Measurement and Assessment, 315-319.

Myers, I. B. (1962). The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator: Manual (1962).

Myers, K. D., & Kirby, L. D. (2015). Introduction to type: A guide to understanding your results on the MBTI assessment . Sunnyvale, CA: CPP.

Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. (2019, May 28). New World Encyclopedia, . Retrieved from https://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/p/index.php?title=Myers-Briggs_Type_Indicator&oldid=1020015.

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The purpose of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator®. The Myers & Briggs Foundation: MBTI Basics. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.myersbriggs.org/my-mbti-personality-type/mbti-basics/

Saul Mcleod, PhD

BSc (Hons) Psychology, MRes, PhD, University of Manchester

Educator, Researcher

Saul Mcleod, Ph.D., is a qualified psychology teacher with over 18 years experience of working in further and higher education.

Julia Simkus

Research Assistant at Princeton University

Undergraduate at Princeton University

Julia Simkus is a Psychology student at Princeton University. She will graduate in May of 2023 and go on to pursue her doctorate in Clinical Psychology.

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